Your mouth, as a whole, is important to us at Crooke Dentistry Clinic. Today we are going to focus on the gums. Gums are as important as teeth or even more important, because they keep your teeth firm in your mouth. Below you will find a summary of symptoms to loog out for and wich are indicative of gum disease.

1) Definitions:

– PERIODONTlCS: is a dentistry specialty that studies gum diseases – Loose teeth (gingivitis and periodontitis)

– GINGIVITIS: is an infectious disease characterised by bleeding gums. lt is reversible and does not result in bone loss. lt can be mild, moderate or severe depending on the level of swelling.

PERIODONTITIS: otherwise known as pyorrhoea, it is a chronic infectious disease which results in the loss of the bone supporting the teeth. lf not treated on time, pyorrhoea can lead in the medium and long term to loss of teeth.

2) SYMPTOMS: Most gum diseases ARE PAINLESS. The only red flags are:

– Bleeding gums (when brushing Clinic. Today we are going to focus your teeth, when eating or even on the gums. Gums are as spontaneously).

– Bad breath (halitosis).

– Bad taste in the mouth.

– Sensitiva teeth (especially with cold food and beverages).

– Swollen gums

– Loose teeth

– Gums retrarct: tooth root exposure or “long teeht”.

These symptoms can sometimesbe camouflaged by tobacco which causes vasoconstriction and hides the signs of swelling. lf you smoke, we advise you to undergo a periodontal examination to rule out any problem before it is too late.

3) ETIOLOGIC FACTORS

Dental plaque is the most important etiologic factor. Plaque build-up – usually the result of inadequate brushing – causes gingivitis or swollen gums. lf uncured or if there is a genetic predisposition to pyorrhoea, the patient begins to lose the bone supporting the teeth. There are also a number of general and local factors that can trigger the onset of pyorrhoea or make it worse:

General factors: diabetes, pregnancy, tobacco, bad dental hygiene, stress, malnutrition, certain medicaments (antihypertensive and immunosuppressive drugs, as well as hydantoin).

Local factors: badly adjusted prostheses and fillings, dental crowding, deep gingival sulcus or anatomic defects.

Dr Carmen Lopez Laserna at Crooke Dentistry Clinic says that periodontal diseases can be cured. Treatment allows us to stop bone loss but LIFELONG MAINTENANCE is also necessary both at home (with the recommended hygiene methods) and at the dentist’s office (to reach areas inaccessible to the patient and prevent relapses). Should there be bone loss or spaces between the teeth, there are numerous aesthetic dentistry treatments that will improve the appearance of the patient’s teeth and allow him or her to smile without feeling embarrassed.